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Electronic Waste Management Design Analysis and Application

March 19th, 2013 · No Comments

Here we will tell you Electronic waste management design analysis and application. Check here:

Background

Industrial revolution that started during middle of 18th century and continued to flourish throughout 19th and 20th centuries has brought in lot of changes in the way we live. Industrial production has moved away from methods of producing by hand towards more sophisticated and automated methods. Discoveries like steam power etc. have caused revolution in tools and tackles of mass production.

The influence of industrial revolution has changed the lifestyle of the people as it could offer vast employment opportunities and income. Living standards have been improved consistently as compared to the previous eras and there dawned a new class of society called as ‘Labor force’ which was actually a middle income group i.e. neither too rich nor too poor.

Research and development in every facet of the industrialization gained momentum and many products were introduced into the market. With the advent of electrical and electronics technology, new set of products have hit the markets. Further researches and inventions made these products affordable whereby the buying power of the users have been strengthened.

Alongside of these developments came the disadvantages and challenges. Rampant production and usage of electronic components have built up huge piles of debris which is termed as ‘electronic waste’ or ‘e-waste’.

Effects of E-waste

Electronic Waste Management

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E-waste is typically composed of discarded electrical and electronic items like battery cells, bulbs, CDs, DVDs, other computer parts, mobile phones, televisions, refrigerators etc. Initially there was serious lack of knowledge about the environmental hazards that are being caused by the indiscriminate disposals. As these components are made with hazardous materials like cadmium, lead, beryllium etc. mindless disposal of them can severely affect the environment and the living beings together.

E-waste Management

Several government agencies, voluntary organizations, individual scientists and subject matter experts have came together and brainstormed about devising safe methods of disposal of e-waste. The collective efforts of them have shaped up as ‘E-waste Management’.

E-waste Management Design

It has been identified that some of the components used in electronic goods can be reused if segregated from the discarded ones. Special methods were evolved for this segregation and the process is called as ‘recycling’.

Recycling is a process through which the electronic/electrical equipment is reversed to its raw material stage. Equipments that have multi components are downsized first and then put for segregation of paper/plastic materials.

Those components that were separated fully are used in refurbishing with additional/new components added to them. Such refurbished equipments are put back into usage instead of producing new ones.

Special handling methods have been advocated for each type of e-waste and safety measures were prepared to ensure the security of the premises and personnel involved in e-waste management.

Application of E-waste Management

The prime application of Electronic Waste Management is to ensure that the harmful components are disposed of safely and the useful components are put back in to further usage thus reducing the effect of e-waste on environment.

Awareness Campaigns

Several online and offline initiatives have been taken up by the governments and NGOs. Both developed and developing countries have setup agencies that oversee the effective implementation of the policies, rules and regulations that are announced from time to time.

Manufacturers, distributors and end users must understand and educate themselves about the effects of the electrical and electronics goods that they produce, sell and use. The onus of safe disposal must be started by the end users while the manufacturers ensure that their products are greener by design.

Tags: Environment